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BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA) OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

HAITI – Earthquake

Fact Sheet #41, Fiscal Year (FY) 2010 March 2, 2010

Note: The last fact sheet was dated February 25, 2010.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

On February 26, the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) confirmed plans to start the second phase of food assistance operations on March 6 rather than March 1. WFP revised the start date in coordination with the Government of Haiti (GoH) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to allow for time to refine beneficiary numbers and determine the number of Port-au-Prince distribution locations.

On March 1, USAID Disaster Assistance Response Team (USAID/DART) staff, USAID/Haiti staff, and representatives from NGOs World Vision and Mercy Corps assessed humanitarian conditions in Mirebalais and Hinche, Center Department. Staff noted that local organizations and communities are providing for some displaced population needs, but local resources remain limited. Local authorities and interviewed relief organizations noted shelter, emergency food assistance, livelihoods, and sanitation and hygiene needs, indicating that displaced persons have placed additional strains on infrastructure.

On February 25, 7,000 USAID/OFDA-funded kitchen sets and three USAID/OFDA-funded surgical kits arrived in Port-au-Prince.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE SOURCE
Estimated Deaths 230,0001 GoH – February 15
People Displaced in Port-au-Prince Metropolitan Area 700,000 GoH – January 31
Estimated People Departing Port-au-Prince 597,801 GoH – February 22
Estimated Affected Population 3 million U.N. – January 15

FY 2010 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE
Total FY 2010 USAID/OFDA Assistance to Haiti for the Earthquake...................................................$304,915,678
Total FY 2010 USAID/FFP2 Assistance to Haiti for the Earthquake .......................................................$69,800,000
Total FY 2010 USAID/OTI3 Assistance to Haiti for the Earthquake .......................................................$20,000,000
Total FY 2010 USAID/Haiti Assistance to Haiti for the Earthquake .......................................................$30,012,212
Total FY 2010 USAID/DR4 Assistance to Haiti for the Earthquake...........................................................$3,000,000
Total FY 2010 DoD5 Assistance to Haiti for the Earthquake ..................................................................$285,000,000
Total FY 2010 USAID and DoD Humanitarian Assistance to Haiti for the Earthquake......................$712,727,890

CURRENT SITUATION

Humanitarian needs persist throughout earthquake-affected areas, as well as in areas to which displaced populations have migrated. On February 27, flooding in Nippes and Sud departments resulted in the deaths of 13 people and displaced nearly 3,500 people, the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) reported. Humanitarian agencies continue to plan for increased rain in coming months in earthquake-affected areas, including focusing on provision of transitional shelter for displaced households.

As of March 1, OCHA reported that 26 organizations currently working to provide water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) services had constructed nearly 2,800 latrines, accommodating approximately 139,000 individuals, or approximately 13 percent of the target population.

WASH

Following the February 26 completion of the ten-day WASH Cluster survey of Port-au-Prince-area settlement sites, the National Direction for Potable Water and Sanitation (DINEPA) released the preliminary list of 46 sites identified as lacking sanitation services. The USAID/DART notes that NGOs immediately began utilizing the list

1 Death estimates vary.
2 USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP)
3 USAID’s Office of Transition Initiatives (USAID/OTI)
4 USAID/Dominican Republic (USAID/DR)
5 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD)

to identify gaps and implement appropriate interventions. Organizations conducting WASH activities in the

Carrefour neighborhood have emerged to facilitate coordination in assisting priority sites.

On February 27, the WASH Cluster announced that the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) had received three rented de-sludging trucks from the Dominican Republic and offered the trucks to WASH Cluster partners for immediate use in settlement sites that require wastewater removal.

Health and Nutrition

On February 26, the GoH Ministry of Health provided guidance to the Logistics Cluster, noting that all organizations importing pharmaceuticals must ensure that goods meet GoH requirements and that standard documents in French and English accompany all shipments.

WFP continues to support blanket supplementary feeding programs for children between 6 and 59 months old and pregnant and lactating women. To date, WFP has reached 55,000 of the targeted 400,000 children and 20,000 of the targeted 100,000 pregnant and lactating women.

Emergency Food Assistance

WFP plans to target approximately 330,000 highly vulnerable households, or nearly 2 million individuals, for emergency food assistance during the second phase of food distributions. Current planning calls for distribution of nearly 18,000 metric tons (MT) of emergency food assistance through 55 distribution points, with coupon distribution scheduled to start March 5 and food distribution scheduled to start March 6. WFP continues to meet regularly with NGO partners to finalize plans for the distributions.

During the March 1 Food Cluster meeting, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) reported plans to provide 19,000 MT of food commodities to areas of Port-au-Prince, Jacmel, and Léogâne. IFRC and other Food Cluster members are developing a distribution strategy to avoid disruptions to the market and the second phase of WFP food distributions in Port-au-Prince.

WFP plans to target 800,000 children through school feeding interventions. WFP estimates that combined WFP, GoH, and NGO programs will reach approximately one million individuals between the ages of six and fourteen enrolled in school. WFP plans to increase beneficiary figures in communities hosting displaced populations to compensate for increased school enrollment.

During the week of February 22, WFP initiated school feeding programs in areas of Northeast and Northwest departments where schools have re-opened. WFP is distributing rice, beans, vegetable oil, and salt through the school feeding program, and plans to provide high-energy biscuits to children in areas where schools have not yet re-opened.

Logistics and Relief Commodities

As of February 28, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) had distributed emergency relief commodities to more than 1 million individuals.

On February 28, the final shipment of USAID/OFDA-provided plastic sheeting arrived in Port-au-Prince, bringing the total USAID/OFDA contribution to 12,830 rolls—or the equivalent of more than 128,000 individual sheets, benefiting more than 640,000 people. The shipment was consigned to IOM for distribution. As of March 1, IOM has distributed or consigned for distribution 118,000 USAID/OFDA-provided plastic sheets. IOM reports that plastic sheeting supplies are nearly depleted.

Food Security and Livelihoods

Results from the multi-agency Emergency Market Mapping Analysis (EMMA) indicate that a lack of household assets constitutes the primary factor preventing households from purchasing commodities. An EMMA survey of vulnerable households noted that average household income has decreased between 60 and 70 percent following the earthquake, and food costs now account for 85 percent of total expenditure, compared to approximately 35 percent prior to the earthquake. Higher household expenditures for food indicate that even small changes in food prices could significantly affect household food security.

On February 24, the GoH Office of National Food Security Coordination and humanitarian partners released preliminary results from the Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA) noting that approximately 30 percent of surveyed individuals experienced poor or borderline food consumption, compared with 17 and 25 percent from 2007 and 2009 surveys of Southeast and West departments.

U.S. GOVERNMENT (USG) HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE

On January 13, U.S Ambassador to Haiti Kenneth H. Merten declared a disaster due to the effects of the earthquake. To date, USAID has contributed nearly $428 million in earthquake response funding, including nearly $305 million from USAID/OFDA, nearly $70 million from USAID/FFP, $20 million from USAID/OTI, more than $30 million from USAID/Haiti, and $3 million from USAID/DR. In total, the USG has contributed nearly $713

million in earthquake response funding for Haiti to date.

On January 12, USAID/OFDA activated a Washington, D.C.-based Response Management Team to support the USAID/DART that deployed to Haiti early on January 13 to assess humanitarian conditions and coordinate activities with the humanitarian community. The USAID/DART continues to assess humanitarian needs and identify emergency relief supplies for immediate delivery to Port-au-Prince and other earthquake-affected areas.

As of February 23, DoD’s estimated cost for the Haiti earthquake relief effort was $285 million. DoD has been supporting humanitarian efforts through transportation of USG personnel and relief commodities into Haiti, as well as the provision of health and medical services.

USG HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE TO HAITI FOR THE EARTHQUAKE

FY 2010
Implementing Partner Activity Location Amount
USAID/OFDA ASSISTANCE1
Action Contre la Faim (ACF) Logistics, Economic Recovery and Market Systems, WASH Port-au-Prince $2,000,000
Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development (ACTED) Economic Recovery and Market Systems, Logistics and Relief Commodities, Shelter and Settlements, WASH Petit Goâve, Grand Goâve, Léogâne, Gressier $5,400,712
American Refugee Committee (ARC) Shelter and Settlements, WASH Port-au-Prince, Cerca la Source $4,024,648
CARE Economic Recovery and Market Systems, WASH Port-au-Prince $983,363
Catholic Relief Services (CRS) Shelter and Settlements, WASH Port-au-Prince $21,298,160
CHF International WASH, Economic Recovery and Market Systems, Shelter and Settlements Port-au-Prince, Petit Goâve, Cap-Haïtien, Gonaïves, St. Marc $20,999,865
Concern Economic Recovery and Market Systems Port-au-Prince and Northeast Department $1,692,892
DoD Logistics and Relief Supplies Affected Areas $40,500,000
U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Search and Rescue, Emergency Response Activities Affected Areas $49,000,000
Fairfax County, VA Search and Rescue Affected Areas $6,920,000
Food for the Hungry (FH) Health, Logistics and Relief Commodities, Protection, Shelter and Settlements, WASH Port-au-Prince $4,055,525
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Health Affected Areas $36,196,000
International Medical Corps (IMC) Health, Nutrition Port-au-Prince $2,564,607
International Relief and Development (IRD) Economic Recovery and Market Systems, Logistics and Relief Commodities, Shelter and Settlements, WASH Léogâne $6,494,045
InterAction Humanitarian Coordination and Information Management Affected Areas $330,083
IOM Logistics and Relief Supplies, Health West Department and Affected Areas $7,700,000
Los Angeles County, CA Search and Rescue Affected Areas $4,064,947
MENTOR Initiative Health Port-au-Prince, Delmas, Petit Goâve, Grand Goâve, Jacmel, Carrefour, Léogâne $1,000,000
OCHA Humanitarian Coordination and Information Management Affected Areas $3,000,000
Peace Corps Volunteer Translation Services Affected Areas $323,150
Partners in Health (PIH) Health Port-au-Prince $1,468,147
Relief International (RI) Health, WASH Carrefour, Gressier, Jérémie, Léogâne, Port-au-Prince $1,500,000
Samaritan’s Purse Health, Economic Recovery and Market Systems, WASH Petit Goâve, Grand Goâve, Léogâne, Port-au-Prince $1,000,000
Save the Children/US (SC/US) Health, Nutrition, and Protection Jacmel, Port-au-Prince $5,000,000
U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA) Health and Protection Affected Areas $1,000,000
UNICEF Health, Nutrition, Protection, WASH Affected Areas $9,000,000
UNICEF WASH West Department $2,500,000
USAID/DR Logistics and Relief Supplies Affected Areas $1,650,000
USAID/Haiti Emergency Response Activities Affected Areas $3,550,000
WFP Humanitarian Air Service, Logistics and Commodities Affected Areas $10,000,000
U.N. World Health Organization (WHO) Health Affected Areas $5,000,000
World Concern Development Organization (WCDO) Economic Recovery and Market Systems, Shelter and Settlements Port-au-Prince $3,746,524
World Vision Economic Recovery and Market Systems, Shelter and Settlements, WASH Port-au-Prince, Delmas, Croix-des-Bouquets, Pétionville $19,212,174
Logistics and Relief Supplies Affected Areas $21,421,171
Administrative Costs Affected Areas $319,665
TOTAL USAID/OFDA $304,915,678
USAID/FFP ASSISTANCE2
WFP 39,550 MT of P.L. 480 Title II Emergency Food Assistance Affected Areas $48,900,000
WFP 15,730 MT of P.L. 480 Title II Emergency Food Assistance Affected Areas $20,900,000
TOTAL USAID/FFP $69,800,000
USAID/OTI ASSISTANCE
Chemonics, Internews, Development Alternatives, Inc. (DAI) Transition Initiatives Affected Areas $20,000,000
TOTAL USAID/OTI $20,000,000
USAID/HAITI ASSISTANCE
American Institutes for Research (AIR) Education Affected Areas $5,000,000
Associates in Rural Development (ARD) Logistics, Shelter and Settlements Affected Areas $500,000
Chemonics Agriculture and Food Security, Livelihoods, Shelter and Settlements Affected Areas $8,434,305
CHF International Economic Recovery and Market Systems, Infrastructure Rehabilitation Affected Areas $3,500,000
Education Development Center (EDC) Economic Recovery and Market Systems, Education, Infrastructure Rehabilitation, Protection, Psychosocial Support Affected Areas $1,500,000
IOM Economic Recovery and Market Systems, Infrastructure Rehabilitation Martissant, Carrefour, Carrefour Feuilles $7,550,000
IOM Economic Recovery and Market Systems, Infrastructure Rehabilitation Affected Areas $3,527,907
TOTAL USAID/HAITI $30,012,212
USAID/DR ASSISTANCE
USAID/DR Health Affected Areas $3,000,000
TOTAL USAID/DR $3,000,000
DoD ASSISTANCE3
DoD Logistics and Relief Supplies and Health Affected Areas $285,000,000
TOTAL DoD $285,000,000
FY 2010 HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE PROVIDED TO DATE
TOTAL USAID HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE TO HAITI FOR THE EARTHQUAKE $427,727,890
TOTAL DOD HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE TO HAITI FOR THE EARTHQUAKE $285,000,000
TOTAL USAID AND DOD HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE TO HAITI FOR THE EARTHQUAKE $712,727,890

1 USAID/OFDA funding represents anticipated or actual obligated amounts as of March 2, 2010.
2 Estimated value of food assistance.
3 Estimated cost as of February 23, 2010.

PUBLIC DONATION INFORMATION

The most effective way people can assist relief efforts is by making cash contributions to humanitarian organizations that are conducting relief operations. Information on organizations responding to the humanitarian situation in Haiti may be available at www.reliefweb.int and www.usaid.gov/haiti.

USAID encourages cash donations because they allow aid professionals to procure the exact items needed (often in the affected region); reduce the burden on scarce resources (such as transportation routes, staff time, and warehouse space); can be transferred very quickly and without transportation costs; support the economy of the disaster-stricken region; and ensure culturally, dietary, and environmentally appropriate assistance.

More information can be found at:

  1. USAID: www.usaid.gov/haiti

  2. Information on relief activities of the humanitarian community can be found at www.reliefweb.int

USAID/OFDA bulletins appear on the USAID web site at http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/humanitarian_assistance/disaster_assistance/

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